This tutorial will guide you through how to backup, rebuild a DigitalOcean droplet, setup SSL encryption and restore a WordPress site in under 5 minutes…
- A DigitalOcean account (obviously) (Run WordPress free for 2 months with this link.
- An existing droplet running a OneClick wordpress instance.
- You’ve used Let’s Encrypt to enable SSL.
Let’s Get To It
- Login to your wp-admin and install the “UpdraftPlus – Backup/Restore” plugin.
- In admin section, go to Settings > UpdraftPlus Backups
- Click Backup now then flick to the Existing Backups tab and download the 5 files it provides (Database, Plugins, Themes, Uploads, Others).
- Spin up a new OneClick droplet.
- SSH into the new box to activate WordPress.
- In the DigitalOcean Control Panel, go to Networking and point your Networking to the new droplet.
- Back in the new droplet SSH session, add a new non-root user with sudo permissions:
adduser USERNAME # Enter Password usermod -aG sudo USERNAME su - USERNAME mkdir ~/.ssh/ chmod 700 ~/.ssh nano ~/.ssh/authorized_keys # Paste in your public SSH Key chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys exit
Set Up Let’s Encrypt SSL
Still in the new droplet SSH session, run the following commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install python-certbot-apache sudo certbot --apache -d YOURDOMAIN.com -d www.YOURDOMAIN.com # Enter an email address # First option is "a" # Secnd option is "n" # Third option is "2" # Fourth option is "2"
Test SSL Renewal
sudo certbot renew --dry-run
Let’s Encrypt certificates run out after 90 days but don’t worry – certbot takes care of auto-renewal for you. Nothing else to worry about here.
You’ve now got valid SSL for free, forever.
Setup & Restore Wordpress
- Go to your domain and setup wordpress. Notice that you’re automatically using HTTPS.
- Enter a new temporary admin user / password here. It’ll be overwritten soon.
- Once setup, login to your wp-admin section (with the admin details you set above).
- Install the “UpdraftPlus – Backup/Restore” plugin and activate it.
- Go to Settings > UpdraftPlus Backups and click Restore.
- Upload the 5 files you saved to your computer at the beginning of this tutorial.
- Follow the wizard to restore your site (and users) so now you’re back to your ORIGINAL usernames and passwords. You can discard the temporary admin account details.